High Precision Positioning and Very Low Velocity Control of a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor

University essay from Lunds universitet/Industriell elektroteknik och automation

Abstract: The purpose of this report is to evaluate a direct driven permanent magnet motor in high accuracy position and low speed operation. Actuation in this case is usually accomplished by stepping motors combined with belts and pulleys. High accuracy positioning is considered to be within 0.1 degrees and low speed 0.05 degrees per second, while at the same time have a 180 degree step response within 0.5 second. A model is derived of the motor along with methods for model parameter identification. This model is the basis for simulation of the motor in closed loop control. A prototype is developed in order to prove the validity of the results made by simulations. Experiments on the prototype resulted in two control methods, namely field oriented control and synchronous control. Conclusions drawn from the projects are as follows. The simulations do mirror the inherent problems with the permanent magnet motor. The prototype developed for the project is functioning and highly capable. Field oriented control was unable to meet the specified requirements. However, combined with iterative learning control the performance was improved significantly. Synchronous control satisfied most of the requirements, although its responsiveness and low efficiency are possible areas of improvement in future research.

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