The integration of ICT in ELT : A systematic literature review on the use of Information and Communication Technologies in English language teaching

University essay from Linnéuniversitetet/Institutionen för språk (SPR)

Abstract: When 2020 starts, many people’s lives are dependent on technological devices such as smartphones, tablets, and computers. Hence, many schools have started to integrate the use of technological devices in their teaching. This systematic literature review aims to investigate and analyse previous research findings about teachers’ and students’ opinions on the integration of Information and communication technologies (ICT) in English language teaching (ELT). This study also seeks to examine possible advantages and disadvantages of the integration with ICT in ELT. The method of the study was to examine articles which were found with help from the search-engine ERIC. From 80 found articles, 8 were selected for further investigation. Among the results, it was shown that both teachers and students have positive attitudes towards the use of ICT in ELT. Advantages such as ICT being a positive influential factor on students’ motivation, concentration and language learning were perceived among both teachers and students. On the other hand, factors such as teachers not having enough training and schools not handing teachers enough resources were some distinguishable disadvantages. It was concluded that the use of ICT in ELT should be seen as a profitable instrument for the development of students’ English language skills. However, prioritising teachers’ training in how to teach with the help of technological tools should not be underestimated.

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