Intergenerational Transmission of Educational Attainment and Its Relationship to the Quality of the Education System: A Cross-Country Study
Abstract: The purpose of having a high-quality education system is not only to increase the human capital level of the younger population, but also a mechanism to minimize the differences between children’s chances to succeed in life. Children who come from poor backgrounds and have low educated parents will be given a possibility to succeed through a high-quality education system. This thesis will investigate how much the parents’ educational background affects the child’s educational attainment and what role the quality of the country’s education system has. The theoretical frameworks originally developed by Gary Becker will be applied to determine the educational transmission from the parents to the child. The findings show that there exist some intergenerational transmission of educational attainment which is lower if the country has a high-quality education system. High-quality education system makes children to low educated parents higher educated than in countries with low-quality education system. Children to high educated parents are less likely to receive high educational attainment in high-quality education systems compared with in countries with low-quality education system.
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