Gender Equality - the Key to Conflict Resolution? : A Quantitative Study of How Gender Equality in Rebel Groups Affect the Likelihood of Peace

University essay from Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning

Abstract: Despite an increasing interest in questions regarding gender and peace, little is still known about the effects of gender equality on the outcome of armed conflicts. In this study, I explore how gender equality norms within rebel groups affect the likelihood that armed conflicts are terminated through negotiated settlements. My main claim is that rebel groups with strong gender equality norms are more likely to reject the use of violence and pursue peaceful conflict resolution. This claim is tested in a quantitative study incorporating data from the WARD and UCDP Conflict Termination datasets, demonstrating gender distribution within rebel groups and the manner in which conflicts end. Gender equality norms are measured as both female combatants’ prevalence and female leadership prevalence. Based on the findings from a logistic regression analysis, it is demonstrated that higher female combatants’ prevalence in rebel groups increases the likelihood of armed conflicts ending through negotiated settlements.

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