Decentralized Authentication in OpenStack Nova : Integration of OpenID

University essay from KTH/Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT)

Abstract:

The evolution of cloud computing is driving the next generation of internet services. OpenStack is one of the largest open-source cloud computing middleware development communities. Currently, OpenStack supports platform specific signatures and tokens for user authentication.

In this thesis, we aim to introduce a platform independent, flexible,and decentralized authentication mechanism in OpenStack. We selected OpenID as an open-source authentication platform. It allows a decentralized framework for user authentication. OpenID has its own advantages for web services, which include improvements in usability and seamless SSO experience for the users.

This thesis presents the OpenID-Authentication-as-a-Service APIs in OpenStack for front-end GUI servers, and performs the authentication in the back-end at a single Policy Decision Point. The design was implemented in OpenStack, allowing users to use their OpenID Identifiers from standard OpenID providers and log into the Dashboard/Django- Nova graphical interface of OpenStack.

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