The Impact of Macroeconomic Variables on Stock Return in Different Industries - A Multiple Linear Regression

University essay from KTH/Matematisk statistik; KTH/Matematisk statistik

Abstract: Macroeconomics constitute a central part of fundamental analysis of stock markets and consequently the relationship between macroeconomic variables and stock markets is far from questioned. However, there is no general consensus regarding neither the extent of this relationship nor whether the relationship varies amongst industries. The aim of this thesis is therefore to determine the macroeconomic variables most important in explaining variations in stock return within two separate industries and furthermore the share of these variations solely accounted for by macroeconomic variables. To this end, a multiple linear regression approach is used and Nasdaq indexes OMX Stockholm Industrial Goods & Services and OMX Stockholm Banks are used as proxies for the two selected industries. The final result of this analysis is that the variables repo rate, SEK/EUR exchange rate, consumer expectations, oil price, GDP, money supply and inflation are statistically significant in explaining stock return within industrial goods and services whilst SEK/USD exchange rate, SEK/EUR exchange rate, oil price, GDP, money supply and inflation are statistically significant in explaining stock return within the banking industry. The analysis of the extent of the impact of these variables on stock return is, however, deemed inconclusive due to time dependencies amongst the variables.

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