Data Transformation Trajectories in Embedded Systems

University essay from KTH/Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT)

Abstract: Mobile phone tracking is the ascertaining of the position or location of a mobile phone when moving from one place to another place. Location Based Services Solutions include Mobile positioning system that can be used for a wide array of consumer-demand services like search, mapping, navigation, road transport traffic management and emergency-call positioning. The Mobile Positioning System (MPS) supports complementary positioning methods for 2G, 3G and 4G/LTE (Long Term Evolution) networks. Mobile phone is popularly known as an UE (User Equipment) in LTE. A prototype method of live trajectory estimation for massive UE in LTE network has been proposed in this thesis work. RSRP (Reference Signal Received Power) values and TA(Timing Advance) values are part of LTE events for UE. These specific LTE events can be streamed to a system from eNodeB of LTE in real time by activating measurements on UEs in the network. AoA (Angle of Arrival) and TA values are used to estimate the UE position. AoA calculation is performed using RSRP values. The calculated UE positions are filtered using Particle Filter(PF) to estimate trajectory. To obtain live trajectory estimation for massive UEs, the LTE event streamer is modelled to produce several task units with events data for massive UEs. The task level modelled data structures are scheduled across Arm Cortex A15 based MPcore, with multiple threads. Finally, with massive UE live trajectory estimation, IMSI (International mobile subscriber identity) is used to maintain hidden markov requirements of particle filter functionality while maintaining load balance for 4 Arm A15 cores. This is proved by serial and parallel performance engineering. Future work is proposed for Decentralized task level scheduling with hash function for IMSI with extension of cores and Concentric circles method for AoA accuracy.

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