Commissioning of a FPGA/DSP unit for Centralized Control of a Variable Phase Pole Multiphase Machine

University essay from KTH/Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS)

Abstract: Multiphase Electrical Machines (MPEMs) with variable phase-pole configurations have recently gained interest as it offers advantages such as a larger operating range and improved fault tolerance compared to more traditional MPEMs. The current state-of-the-art modeling and control method, Vector Space Decomposition (VSD), has the drawback of introducing discontinuities in the model when transitioning from one phase-pole configuration to another. The newly developed Harmonic Plane Decomposition (HPD) theory, which is an extension of the VSD, solves this issue by unifying all possible phase-pole configurations into one transformation. To enable further research on HPD theory and MPEMs with variable phase-pole configuration, a test bench is desired to obtain experimental results. The Sustainable Power Lab at KTH already possesses a MPEM with varying phase-pole configurations, the Wound Independently- Controlled Stator Coils machine (WICSC machine), but is missing a complete drive that can capitalize on the additional degrees of freedom that the machine offers. The aim of the thesis is to commission the test bench by implementing HPD control on a Digital Signal Processor (DSP) and design the missing hardware required to close the signal chain. The HPD control was implemented on a Xilinx System on a Chip (SoC) programmed using C and hardware description languages. Part of the control was tested but due to issues with the data acquisition, the complete control was not managed to be fully tested and verified. For the missing hardware, three Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) were designed for the test bench. Two of them were built and tested, and one PCB was designed but not fabricated during the project. 

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