100 Years of Women's Vote in Poland: Socioeconomic Determinants of Women's Voting Behaviour.
Abstract: This research paper examines whether socioeconomic characteristics and opinions on gender roles consistently differentiate men and women in their choices to vote and their political preferences by applying the probit model to the Polish General Social Survey and International Social Survey Programme data. The analysis shows that despite the changing times and opinions, region, place of residence and employment status can be regarded as factors driving the voter turnout among women. The study also shows that the strongest predictors for political preferences include the type of place of residence, employment and education degree. Additionally, it finds that opinions on gender roles indicating liberal or conservative political preferences do not necessarily lead to voting behaviour consistent with those preferences. Moreover, opinions on gender roles cannot reliably be used as predictors of voting behaviour or political preferences.
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