An In-Depth study on the Utilization of Large Language Models for Test Case Generation

University essay from Umeå universitet/Institutionen för datavetenskap

Abstract: This study investigates the utilization of Large Language Models for Test Case Generation. The study uses the Large Language model and Embedding model provided by Llama, specifically Llama2 of size 7B, to generate test cases given a defined input. The study involves an implementation that uses customization techniques called Retrieval Augmented Generation (RAG) and Prompt Engineering. RAG is a method that in this study, stores organisation information locally, which is used to create test cases. This stored data is used as complementary data apart from the pre-trained data that the large language model has already trained on. By using this method, the implementation can gather specific organisation data and therefore have a greater understanding of the required domains. The objective of the study is to investigate how AI-driven test case generation impacts the overall software quality and development efficiency. This is evaluated by comparing the output of the AI-based system, to manually created test cases, as this is the company standard at the time of the study. The AI-driven test cases are analyzed mainly in the form of coverage and time, meaning that we compare to which degree the AI system can generate test cases compared to the manually created test case. Likewise, time is taken into consideration to understand how the development efficiency is affected. The results reveal that by using Retrieval Augmented Generationin combination with Prompt Engineering, the system is able to identify test cases to a certain degree. The results show that 66.67% of a specific project was identified using the AI, however, minor noise could appear and results might differ depending on the project’s complexity. Overall the results revealed how the system can positively impact the development efficiency and could also be argued to have a positive effect on the software quality. However, it is important to understand that the implementation as its current stage, is not sufficient enough to be used independently, but should rather be used as a tool to more efficiently create test cases.

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