Essays about: "Proportionality"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 86 essays containing the word Proportionality.

  1. 1. The Compatibility of EU State Aid for Environmental Protection with the Polluter Pays Principle : In the Context of the EU Emissions Trading System

    University essay from Stockholms universitet/Juridiska institutionen

    Author : Angelica Arnqvist; [2019]
    Keywords : Polluter Pays Principle; State Aid for Environmental Protection; European Union Emissions Trading System;

    Abstract : This thesis, examines three research questions concerning the coherence between the European Union (EU) rules about State aid for environmental protection and the “polluter-pays-principle” (PPP) in the context of the free allocation practice in the European Union Emissions Trading System (EU ETS).  The aim of the first research question is to study whether the free allocation of emission rights within the EU ETS is compatible with the EU State aid rules. READ MORE

  2. 2. Proportionality in Investment Treaty Arbitration and the Necessity for Tribunals to Adopt a Clear Methodology

    University essay from Uppsala universitet/Juridiska institutionen

    Author : Lasse Langfeldt; [2019]
    Keywords : Proportionality; Investment Treaty Arbitration; TECMED; proportionate; reasonableness; reasonable; Principle of Proportionality;

    Abstract : Whenever states’ rights to regulate and investor’s interests conflict with each other it is an unsolved question in investment treaty arbitration how one should balance those two positions. In particular, it is indefinite where to draw the line at what point states can actually exercise their rights without unlawfully violating the investor’s interests. READ MORE

  3. 3. Children's Privacy and the Justification of ICT-based Parental Monitoring

    University essay from Linköpings universitet/Centrum för tillämpad etik

    Author : Zhihao Lin; [2019]
    Keywords : children; parents; privacy; ICT; parental monitoring;

    Abstract : As Information and Communication technology (ICT) has rapidly advanced in China, parental monitoring may invasively penetrate into children's privacy, while China is lagging behind on the issue of children privacy protection. Privacy is invaluable to human development, and children do have interests in their privacy. READ MORE

  4. 4. Religious dress and the rights of others – an analysis of the case law of the European Court of Human Rights

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Juridiska institutionen; Lunds universitet/Juridiska fakulteten

    Author : Amanda Isaksson; [2019]
    Keywords : public international law; European Court of Human Rights; European Convention on Human Rights; Freedom of thought; conscience and religion; Article 9; Human rights; religious dress; Law and Political Science;

    Abstract : This essay examines the protection of the wearing of religious dress under article 9 (freedom of religion) of the European Convention on Human Rights, according to the case law of the European Court of Human Rights. It examines how religious dress is protected as a manifestation of religion and with reference to which rights of others and under which circumstances it can be restricted with reference to the legitimate aim protection of the rights and freedoms of others. READ MORE

  5. 5. Fiscal Sovereignty and State Aid in the field of Direct Taxation of EU Law

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Institutionen för handelsrätt

    Author : Kristina Lyrenäs; [2019]
    Keywords : State aid; EU Commission; Apple; Starbucks; Fiat; Amazon; Engie; Belgian excess profit regime; fiscal sovereignty; Law and Political Science;

    Abstract : This thesis investigates if the recent decisions by the Commission on State aid in direct tax law are intruding on the EU Member States’ fiscal sovereignty. The author concludes that the Commission’s basic legal arguments of the reference system, being the corporate income tax system of the relevant Member States, as well as the arm’s length principle as a tool to assess selectivity in article 107(1) TFEU, are problematic from a fiscal sovereignty point of view. READ MORE