Transverse force absorption in column base mounts for steel columns : Screw joints in column bases
Abstract: It is common to use different construction materials in combination such as concrete, steel, wood and glass in order to optimize buildings. The purpose of this is to reduce weight and increase load capacity, but it also facilitates assembly and reduces construction time. Steel column bases anchored in concrete foundations are an example of a combination of interaction nodes between steel and concrete elements. This report studies the friction between the lower edge of the base plate and the grout, which is a function of the normal force of the column. The friction that occurs between the square washer and the foot plate has also been examined as a result of the tightening moment. The work has placed great focus on discussing the advantages and disadvantages of the different methods for transverse force absorption in column bases. Delimitations have been made, the attachment of the column to the base plate has not been taken into account in this report, as this depends on which column cross section is selected and must be checked for the specific case. To arrive at the results, an in-depth literature study was conducted to gather information on the various issues and a calculation model in Excel was created. The calculation model was used to check how large the design load-bearing capacity is for transverse force absorption in a column base, but the checks were only made for non-prestressed joints. This is because prestressed joints also have other factors that affect the transverse resistance, outside the purpose and issue of the work. The Excel model is based on producing the results from calculation with nominal clamping force and comparing it with clamping force calculated with tightening torque. The results will be reported in the form of graphs and tables, where it will be possible to read the difference in the dimensioning load-bearing capacity for transverse force absorption in non-prestressed joints at nominal clamping force and clamping force calculated with tightening torque. The report shows a clear difference in results, where the nominal clamping force became significantly larger and this is supported by handbook on screw joints, as it is mentioned that “it is not possible to give an exact value of the coefficient of friction due to the large number of factors that affect ”, this means that the impact on the clamping force will be large.
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