Nanocellulose surface functionalization for in-situ growth of zeolitic imidazolate framework 67 and 8
Abstract: This master’s thesis was conducted at the Department of Nanotechnology and Functional Materials at Ångström Laboratory as part of an on-going project to develop hybrid nanocomposites from Cladophora cellulose and a sub-type of metal-organic frameworks; zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs). By utilizing a state-of-the-art interfacial synthesis approach, in-situ growth of ZIF particles on the cellulose could be achieved. TEMPO-mediated oxidation was diligently used to achieve cellulose nanofibers with carboxylate groups on their surfaces. These were ion-exchanged to promote growth of ZIF particles in a nanocellulose solution and lastly, metal ions and organic linkers which the ZIFs are composed of were added to the surface functionalized and ion-exchanged nanocellulose solution to promote ZIF growth. By vacuum filtration, mechanical pressing and furnace drying; freestanding nanopapers were obtained. A core-shell morphology between the nanocellulose and ZIF crystals was desired and by adjusting the metal ion concentration, a change in morphologies was expected. The nanocomposites were investigated with several relevant analytical tools to confirm presence, attachment and in-situ growth of ZIF crystal particles upon the surface of the fine nanocellulose fibers. Both the [email protected] and [email protected] nanocomposites were successfully prepared as nanopapers with superior surface areas and thermal properties compared to pure TEMPO-oxidized cellulose nanopapers. The [email protected] showcased hierarchical porosities, stemming from the micro- and mesoporous ZIFs and nanocellulose, respectively. Also, it was demonstrated that [email protected] selectively adsorbed CO2 over N2. Partial formation of core-shell structure could be obtained, although a relationship between increased metal ions and ZIF particle morphology could not wholly be observed.
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