The investigation of the biotransformation products formed by Cunninghamella elegans for different classes of drugs by the use of UPLC Q-TOF MS

University essay from Uppsala universitet/Avdelningen för analytisk farmaceutisk kemi


The fungus Cunninghamella elegans has in many studies shown to have abiotransformation similar to the metabolism of mammals. If the biotransformation isgeneral, it enables the production of metabolites by the fungus and the use asreference material. The purpose of the project were to examine whether themetabolic process of C. elegans is general, with respect to the formation ofglucosides, and can be applied to different classes of drugs. During the project, theanalyses were performed on a UPLC Q-TOF, run in both MSE and MSMS mode. Themobile phase used consisted of MeOH and 0.1 % formic acid in MQ water. Toincrease the concentration of possible glucosides, the samples were subjected to anacidic or alkaline SPE. Glucosides were detected in the fungal incubates of diclofenac,buprenorphine, norbuprenorphine and oxazepam. For diclofenac, besides twodifferent glucosides (diclofenac glucoside and hydroxylated diclofenac glucoside), ahydroxylated metabolite and a hydroxylated metabolite conjugated with sulfate werediscovered. In the samples containing buprenorphine, the phase I metabolitenorbuprenorphine was also encountered. Further, in the fungal incubates ofdexamethasone a defluorinated metabolite was identified, which is a metabolicpathway never before described for C. elegans.ISSN: 1650

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