Synthesis and characterization of tall oil fatty acid based thermoset resin suitable for natural fiber reinforced composite

University essay from Högskolan i Borås/Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan

Abstract: Biobased thermoset resins were synthesized by functionalizing the tall oil fatty acid with hydrogen peroxide and then methacrylic anhydride. The obtained resins were characterized by FTIR to confirm the conversions. The cross-linking ability of the resins were checked by curing experiments and followed by DSC analysis regarding the extent of cross linking. TGA analysis was conducted to identify the thermal degradation patterns of cured resins. The obtained resins (blended with or without 33wt% styrene) were used as matrix and knitted viscose fibers were used as reinforcements to make bio-based composites. Ten layers of knitted viscose fibers were stacked crosswise (0/90⁰С) and hand lay-up impregnation was performed. The fiber ratio of all composites was around 63-66%. The composites were characterized by flexural testing, dynamic mechanical thermal analysis and charpy testing. This work demonstrates that manufacture of composites with both matrix and reinforcement fiber coming from renewable resources is feasible, and the resulted composites have satisfied mechanical performance.

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