Transfer of reinforcement learning for a robotic skill

University essay from Luleå tekniska universitet/Datavetenskap

Abstract: In this work, we develop the transfer learning (TL) of reinforcement learning (RL) for the robotic skill of throwing a ball into a basket, from a computer simulated environment to a real-world implementation. Whereas learning of the same skill has been previously explored by using a Programming by Demonstration approach directly on the real-world robot, for our work, the model-based RL algorithm PILCO was employed as an alternative as it provides the robot with no previous knowledge or hints, i.e. the robot begins learning from a tabula rasa state, PILCO learns directly on the simulated environment, and as part of its procedure, PILCO models the dynamics of the inflatable, plastic ball used to perform the task. The robotic skill is represented as a Markov Decision Process, the robotic arm is a Kuka LWR4+, RL is enabled by PILCO, and TL is achieved through policy adjustments. Two learned policies were transferred, and although the results show that no exhaustive policy adjustments are required, large gaps remain between the simulated and the real environment in terms of the ball and robot dynamics. The contributions of this thesis include: a novel TL of RL framework for teaching the basketball skill to the Kuka robotic arm; the development of a pythonised version of PILCO; robust and extendable ROS packages for policy learning and adjustment in a simulated or real robot; a tracking-vision package with a Kinect camera; and an Orocos package for a position controller in the robotic arm.

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