Accident Analysis for Pedestrians and Cyclists at Intersection Areas by Using RSA, A Case Study from Norrköping City, Sweden
Pedestrians and cyclists safety is one of the biggest safety issues all over the world. Both pedestrians and cyclists suffered most from the traffic accidents compared with the vehicle drivers and passengers. There are many factors such as traffic factors, human factors, physical elements factors and etc which can lead to traffic accidents for pedestrians and cyclists. Compared with vehicle users, the pedestrians and cyclists have fewer or no protection equipments on them. Therefore, they are more likely to be serious injury or even death in a road traffic accident. Both pedestrians and cyclist face more danger at intersection areas. Each year, many vehicle to pedestrian and vehicle to cyclist accidents happen at intersection areas because of the traffic condition are more complex at intersection than others.
In this paper, a case study concerns the evaluation both pedestrians and cyclists safety in two hazard intersections (Fenixrondellen and Hörngatan-Södra promenaden) in Norrkoping city. In order to evaluate the safety level and inappropriate road design for pedestrians and cyclists, the Traffic Conflict Technique and Road Safety Audit have been used. Traffic Conflict Technique is the most suitable and useful method applied in traffic safety audit of a road network to explain different types and reasons of conflicts and accidents. Road Safety Audit is systematic process for checking the safety of new schemes on roads. It considers the safety of all road users and in particular in vulnerable road users such as pedestrians, cyclists, children, elderly and etc. Finally, some inappropriate road designs and possible improvement for the future have been stated which may reduce the safety risks for pedestrians and cyclists in two hazard intersections (Fenixrondellen and Hörngatan-Södra promenaden) in Norrköping.
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