Mean Value Modelling of a Diesel Engine with Turbo Compound
Over the last years, the emission and on board diagnostics legislations for heavy duty trucks are getting more and more strict. An accurate engine model that is possible to execute in the engine control system enables both better diagnosis and lowered emissions by better control strategies.
The objective of this thesis is to extend an existing mean value diesel engine model, to include turbo compound. The model should be physical, accurate, modular and it should be possible to execute in real time. The calibration procedure should be systematic, with some degree of automatization.
Four different turbo compound models have been evaluated and two models were selected for further evaluation by integration with the existing model. The extended model showed to be quite insensitive to small errors in the compound turbine speed and hence, the small difference in accuracy of the tested models did not affect the other output signals significantly. The extended models had better accuracy and could be executed with longer step length than the existing model, despite that more complexity were added to the model. For example, the mean error of the intake manifold pressure at mixed driving was approximately 3.0%, compared to 5.8% for the existing model. The reasons for the improvements are probably the good performance of the added submodels and the systematic and partly automatized calibration procedure including optimization.
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