Kinematic Motion Planning for a 7-AxisRobotic Arm (LWA70 by Schunk)

University essay from Umeå universitet/Institutionen för tillämpad fysik och elektronik

Abstract: Redundant manipulators are widely used because they have a greater dexterity andversatility than nonredundant manipulators. In the redundant manipulators, thenumber of degrees of freedom are more than the required to manipulate objects atthe task space, which leads to a possibility to generate infinite number of solutions.For this reasons it has been a hot research topic to exploit the redundancy. Thisthesis work is focus on modeling and controlling redundant robot manipulator withseven degree of freedom (LWA 10 kg payload by Schunk). A literature review hasbeen prepared on the existing methods of exploiting the redundancy in the 7-DOFmanipulators at the velocity and position levels. The forward kinematic equationsare derived using the Denavit-Hartenberg method. The inverse kinematic problem issolved and the redundancy is exploited at the position level to avoid the computationalcomplexity and inaccuracy associated with exploiting the redundancy at the velocitylevel. The joint angles of the manipulator are computed in term of a redundancyparameter defining the self-motion in the manipulator. The relation between the jointangles and the redundancy parameter is exploited to avoid selecting the arm anglesthat violate the joint limits. The singularity configurations and robot workspace arealso studied in this thesis. An example is presented on how the self-motion of thearm appears when the end-effector is stationary. The methods are applied to followstraight line trajectories while preventing the joints to exceed the limits. The resultsfound showed how exploiting the redundancy at the position level is being exact withlow computational cost. The validity of the methods is verified by Robotics Toolboxsimulations.

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