Essays about: "Earth and Environmental Sciences"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 1872 essays containing the words Earth and Environmental Sciences.

  1. 1. Effectiveness of the Costa Rican Payments for Ecosystem Services program in mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions: Trends in carbon stocks 2012-2020

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Internationella miljöinstitutet

    Author : Noelia Solano Guindon; [2023]
    Keywords : Payments for ecosystem services; ecosystem services; carbon stocks; greenhouse gas emissions; mitigation; Earth and Environmental Sciences;

    Abstract : Payments for ecosystem services (PES), a mechanism of incentives or compensation to landowners for provision of ecosystem services, have grown as a tool for meeting conservation goals. The Costa Rican payments for ecosystem services (PSA) program is one of the best-known examples because of being one of the most established. READ MORE

  2. 2. Where there is road, there is fire (influence): An exploratory study on the influence of roads in the spatial patterns of Swedish wildfires of 2018

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Institutionen för naturgeografi och ekosystemvetenskap

    Author : Gabriel Romeo Ferriols Pavico; [2023]
    Keywords : Geography; GIS; Wildfire; Fire Spatial Patterns; Road; Conformity; FWI; Earth and Environmental Sciences;

    Abstract : This study focuses on the Swedish wildfire season of 2018, when the country incurred ten times more than the average burnt area that occurred in previous years. The study aims to address a broad research question: Do roads influence the size of the burned area? This study fills the gap in research on the effects of roads in the spatial patterns of wildfires. READ MORE

  3. 3. Exploring patterns in risk factors for bark beetle attack during outbreaks triggered by drought stress with harvester data on attacked trees: A case study in Southeastern Sweden

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Institutionen för naturgeografi och ekosystemvetenskap

    Author : Nikolaos Kouskoulis; [2023]
    Keywords : Geography; GIS; Geographic Information Science; Forest ecosystems; Bark beetle outbreak; Southeastern Sweden; Predisposing factors; Triggering factors; Drought stress; Earth and Environmental Sciences;

    Abstract : ABSTRACT Raising temperatures and climate variability have intensified extreme weather events worldwide. These extremes can enhance and trigger possible pest outbreaks. Bark beetle attacks have become a major concern in regions with extensive spruce forest areas. Southeastern Sweden has faced repeated outbreaks resulting in widespread tree loss. READ MORE

  4. 4. The impact of CO2 fertilisation on foliage in West and East Africa

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Institutionen för naturgeografi och ekosystemvetenskap

    Author : Gaetane Demyttenaere; [2023]
    Keywords : Physical geography and ecosystem analysis; CO2 fertilisation; semi-arid ecosystems; remote sensing; Normalised Difference Vegetation Index; Earth and Environmental Sciences;

    Abstract : Anthropogenic impact on terrestrial ecosystems continues to grow as we further enhance atmospheric Carbon Dioxide (CO₂) concentrations. The changing climatic conditions and direct influence of CO₂ on vegetation has a big impact on ecosystem functions. READ MORE

  5. 5. Can ancient pathogens emerging from glaciers and permafrost reach Europe by aerosolization?

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Institutionen för naturgeografi och ekosystemvetenskap

    Author : Anna Bruhn; [2023]
    Keywords : Ancient pathogens; Greenland; Aerosolized pathogens; Aerosol transport; Earth and Environmental Sciences;

    Abstract : Glaciers and permafrost capture bacteria and viruses when they form, which can be suspended for millennia. This includes long since extinct pathogens which are functionally novel. As polar regions get warmer these pathogens will emerge and spread through the local ecosystem, potentially altering it. READ MORE