Essays about: "international law"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 1500 essays containing the words international law.

  1. 1. Lethal Autonomous Robots and the Accountability gap in international criminal law

    University essay from Göteborgs universitet/Juridiska institutionen

    Author : Karin Ahrin; [2019-02-13]
    Keywords : ;

    Abstract : Lethal autonomous robots (LAR) have revolutionized weapon-technology and warfare with their predicted ability to both select and kill targets without human involvement, permission or control. The lack of control in LAR will challenge many aspects of international law, amongst them international criminal law (ICL). READ MORE

  2. 2. Does the Substance over Form approach implemented as a result of the BEPS package reconciles the Permanent Establishment definition with the existence of economic allegiances?

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Institutionen för handelsrätt

    Author : Moisés Zúñiga Vargas; [2019]
    Keywords : Taxes; Permanent Establishment; economic allegiances; MLI; OECD; BEPS; Model Tax Convention; International taxation; Law and Political Science;

    Abstract : The Permanent Establishment (PE) concept plays a key role in the distribution of taxing rights between States by determining when the profits derived by an entity are taxable in a State other than the State of its residency. This concept, originally, evidenced the existence of sufficient economic allegiances between a non-resident entity and a State to justify taxation therein. READ MORE

  3. 3. The extraterritorial application of the European Convention on Human Rights and the United Nations Convention against Torture in frozen conflict regions as a tool of ensuring the prohibition of torture — the cases of Transnistria and Abkhazia

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Juridiska institutionen; Lunds universitet/Juridiska fakulteten

    Author : Lidia Carchilan; [2019]
    Keywords : frozen conflict; grey zones; extraterritoriality; jurisdiction; state responsibility; torture; de facto governments; effective control; Transnistria; Abkhazia; Law and Political Science;

    Abstract : The existence of frozen conflicts in Europe are posing difficulties in the application of international human rights treaties. This is due to, de facto governments of break-away regions not cooperating with international mechanisms and refusing to comply with regional and international instruments. READ MORE

  4. 4. International Protection of Children Education During Armed Conflicts and the International Community Response (A Case Study of Syria)

    University essay from Malmö universitet/Kultur och samhälle

    Author : Mohamad Alsaid; [2019]
    Keywords : Armed Conflicts; Children; Education; Syria; International community;

    Abstract : This research critically examines the international protection of children education during the Syrian armed conflict since 2011. It identifies the reasons behind the failure of the international community in providing the necessary protection and its impacts on the Syrian children education. READ MORE

  5. 5. Proportionality in Investment Treaty Arbitration and the Necessity for Tribunals to Adopt a Clear Methodology

    University essay from Uppsala universitet/Juridiska institutionen

    Author : Lasse Langfeldt; [2019]
    Keywords : Proportionality; Investment Treaty Arbitration; TECMED; proportionate; reasonableness; reasonable; Principle of Proportionality;

    Abstract : Whenever states’ rights to regulate and investor’s interests conflict with each other it is an unsolved question in investment treaty arbitration how one should balance those two positions. In particular, it is indefinite where to draw the line at what point states can actually exercise their rights without unlawfully violating the investor’s interests. READ MORE