Sustainable conscious fashion consumption from the perspective of Generation Z : - With a focus on motivations.
Abstract: The purpose of this thesis ‘Sustainable conscious fashion consumption from the perspective of Generation Z - With a focus on motivations’ is to provide the reader with deeper knowledge about Generation Z’s perception of sustainable conscious fashion and what motivates them to choose sustainable consumption. Further, this research gives insight into the decision process among Generation Z regarding fashion apparel. The thesis is based on two research questions which are (1) What are the motivations to consume sustainable conscious fashion among Gen Z and (2) How do psychological factors influence Gen Z decisions to consume sustainable conscious fashion? To be able to complete this thesis and answer the research questions, relevant theories have been analyzed and incorporated to create an understanding when analyzing the empirical data. The thesis was conducted using a deductive approach and a qualitative research method to acquire primary data. The data collection has been accumulated by doing semi-structured interviews with the aim to gain in-depth knowledge about Gen Z motivations to consume sustainable conscious fashion. The literature review includes theories that are in relation to the topics of (1) Sustainability, (2) Generation Z, and (3) Psychological Factors such as self-image and cognitive dissonance. Based on the literature review a conceptual framework (Figure 2.1) was created in which the liaisons between the different theories have been presented. The interview guide was created in accordance to the operationalism in order to present the empirical data in chapter 4, ‘Empirical findings’.Thereafter, an analysis based on the empirical findings are discussed in relation to previously presented theories in the literature review. It is concluded that the primary motives for purchasing apparel among Generation Z are to strengthen their self-image, whether it is to fit in or stand out. The generation cares about sustainability, which is expressed by purchasing eco-friendly foods and by considering their choices of transport. The findings show there is a lack of information provided by retailers and authorities, which translates into the consumers not being able to make sustainable choices regarding fashion consumption.
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