Feasibility Study of Indoor Positioning in a Hospital Environment Using Smartphone Sensors
Abstract: This thesis is a feasibility study of contemporary indoor positioning approaches in an hospital environment using sensor available on Android phones together with Wi-Fi fingerprintingand map information. The purpose is to determine the resolution of pedestrian indoor positioning and whether it is sufficient for room level accuracy. Accurate and robust positioning for outdoor applications based on mobile networks and satellite systems, such as the Global Positioning Service (GPS), has been around for many years. However these systems are not suitable for positioning inside buildings due to a high level of signal degradation. Through the years various pedestrian indoor positioning methods have been proposed.A simple algorithm for suppressing random movement of the mobile phone is tested. Two versions of the Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) are compared for fusing the Inertial Navigation System (INS) measurements during Pedestrian Dead Reckoning (PDR). The TRIAD algorithm is tested for suppressing the effects of large magnetic disturbances. Wi-Fi fingerprinting using two combinations of positioning algorithms and radio maps is tested. The EKF is tested for fusing PDR and Wi-Fi fingerprint position estimations. The Particle Filter (PF) is tested for combining PDR with Wi-Fi fingerprint positioning with a geometrical map. Static Received Signal Strength Indication (RSSI) measurements are carried out to detect variable Wi-Fi transmission power. The results show that adding more informations sources improves the positioning performance. Also fusion using PF outperforms the EKF in more complex indoor environments and movement patterns.
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