Att omsätta barnkonventionen i praktiken:En kvalitativ studie av hur kommunövergripande barnrättsarbete påverkar verksamheters implementering Examensarbete i

University essay from Göteborgs universitet/Institutionen för globala studier

Abstract: In January 2020 the UN Convention of the Rights of the Child (CRC) became Swedish law.Many of the rights described in the convention are provided on a local or regional level, closeto the children. Municipalities´ implementation of the convention plays therefore an importantrole in how Sweden fulfils its obligations to respect and protect children’s rights. Surveys madein October 2019 shows that there are big differences between municipalities in how far theyhave come in their implementation of the CRC. Previous research shows that strategic effortson an overall level in the municipalities are successful for progress in the implementation ofthe CRC. But how these strategic efforts in fact influences public officials at the lower levelsin the municipalities is, at this point, unclear.The aim of this study is to investigate how four of the most existing efforts on an overall levelin municipalities affects public officials in their everyday work with and for children. It alsowants to identify challenges and success factors in municipalities child rights work.To answer this research questions, interviews with 19 public officials, in 10 municipalities,were conducted. Half of the municipalities have had an ongoing, strategic work with implementingthe CRC, and the other half have not taken any action so fair. The analysis is based onimplementation theory and Lundquist´s (1987) theory about the criteria can, will and understand.The results shows no notable difference between the two groups of municipalities. Theone with an ongoing strategic work, indeed, can have better pre-conditions to implement theCRC, but their will and awareness about the convention was not automatically higher than inthe other group of municipalities. Instead, the results indicates that many of the success factorsin child rights work, connects to individual and group factors, instead of only strategies on anoverall level. However, the will and understanding of the CRC among public officials is thereforecrucial to how well the Swedish public sector fulfils its obligations to respect and protectchildren’s rights.

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