The dependence of chromatographic conditions for separation of oligonucleotides in different AEX-HPLC columns

University essay from KTH/Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH)

Abstract: Oligonucleotides (ONs) are widely used in different applications in life science, forensic, in i.e. family tree DNA test for humans and in diagnostic applications in several fields. The use of ONs in biopharmaceutical therapeutic areas also generates new challenges handling more complex molecules which results in the need of further developed analytical techniques. Anion exchange chromatography (AEX) is a common separation technique for biomolecules and is based on charge attraction between the analyte and the stationary phase. The chromatographic system is complex and often high pH and a high salt concentration is needed for the elution to occur, which in some systems can be corrosive for both the column and the instrument. The aim of this study was to evaluate new mobile phase compositions with lower salt concentrations, organic modifier, and usage of a buffer to increase the control of the pH. This was done by evaluation of three columns developed for AEX and uses different chemical and methodical modification of the mobile phase to control the retention to the stationary phase. The influence of pH, temperature, and methanol (MeOH) content in the buffer were studied by evaluation of resolution, asymmetry, and efficiency responses. Three oligonucleotides with 16, 18 and 19 T-bases in the chain were used in the study of three AIE columns. High pH, elevated temperature and the addition of an organic modifier were used for unfolding of the oligonucleotide chain and generating more efficient separations. Other parameters such as gradient slope and initial concentration of the eluting buffer were also studied, and the findings clearly show that the chromatographic conditions influence the resolution, asymmetry, and efficiency.      

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